Thursday, December 15, 2016

Rwanda Ejo Heza Cup Profile from a Roaster

Ejo Heza has Stand Out Flavor in the Cup!
This is the cup profile Artisan received from a well-respected roaster in the Bay Area:

Moisture: 10.9%
Water Activity: .58
1. Fragrance: pleasant dark raw sugar/molasses, jam, plum, prune
2. Aroma: dark chocolate, multi-sweetness
3. Flavor: sugar-browning, spice and jammy sweetness, prunes and raisins
4. Aftertaste: pleasant lemon and Brazil nut
5. Acidity: bright, lemony
6. Body: full, creamy
7. Balance: good
8. Sweet: good
9. Clean cup: good
10. Overall: 85.5
Brewed on V60 – flavor held well.

Saturday, October 22, 2016

A "look Inside" at the Swiss Water Plant - Vancouver, BC

October 22, 2016
Yesterday I had the great honor to have a personalized tour of the Swiss Water plant. After checking out Roscanini and 49th Parallel roasters in the Vancouver area in the morning, I was already stoked about the high quality of coffee (decaf even) that folks in the area seem to demand. It's no wonder that Swiss Water chose to locate their North American headquarters in this beautiful city -- and conveniently right next to the elevated train-line, the SkyTrain. (They like to boast they are the only decaffeination plant with their own SkyTrain station!)

Barry Close, VP Operations and Andrea Piccolo, Marketing, were wonderful hosts. We started in the lab and Mike Strumpf's office space. Barry began the tour explaining Swiss Water's "conversion to full commitment to quality" back in 2007 - almost 10 years ago. Barry was hired that year (from the paper industry) to bring his lean management knowledge and implement "21st century" process control and waste elimination methods. I saw many signs that they have implemented very well.

After the tour I was treated to a cupping in the lab with the famous Mike Strumpf! It was a mock-evaluation, like the ones they do after every production run at SWDCC. They cup the decaffeinated coffee vs. the "pre-decaf" and evaluate the "damage-done" so-to-speak. The data collected from these sessions is used by Barry to continuously tweak and improve the processes, to minimize the damage.

As impressive as the plant tour and cupping lab experiences were, I think Andrea saved the best for last, because "last" was the marketing presentation. Sitting in a conference room is not exciting, but the depth of information Swiss Water has on their customer base is awesome. They are connecting customer (consumer and roaster) demand to technology needs, and process requirements in their plant. Barry demonstrated how they are using his chemistry and process knowledge on a microscopic level to improve the quality of finished decaf beans.

Thank you, Swiss Water, for such an enjoyable and educational tour!
Burnaby, BC visitor!

Barry Close, VP Operations & Andrea Piccolo, Marketing
 - six barrel sample roaster in background.

Photos from the plant tour:

Great care is taken to monitor moisture levels.

High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
- the machine that tests the level of caffeine.
"Flight deck" for continuous quality monitoring and control throughout the plant.

Photos from the cupping session:

Mike has the best map of Brazil I've seen. Swiss water knows where to find good coffee!

Thursday, October 20, 2016

LA Stays Calm - without Caffeine

October 20, 2016

Culver City was the destination for today, Day 3 of my caffeine-less crawl through coffee shops of LA.

Conservatory Coffee - decaf double espresso
I was excited to finally see the cafe owned and run by AJ Barish. One of Artisan's earliest customers. He is passionate about offering taste in all of his coffees, even the decaf. I love the crowd at this cafe in Culver City! It was the most diverse population I
AJ Barish - Conservatory Coffee
had seen in any cafe in LA so far. People of different races, all different ages, very posch and proper, to sweat pants and a t-shirt. And LOTS of people. It was mid-morning on a sunny, warm Friday and it seemed like everyone was stopping in. All the tiny round tables were taken the whole time I was there. I was lucky to grab one, and I was luck AJ could break away for a few minutes to talk to me! The espresso was great!
Relaxed vibe at Conservatory Coffee

After Conservatory, I popped in at Cognoscenti. What a complete 180 degree difference in ambiance!Conservatory is like the old TV hit, "Cheers." When I arrived in Cognoscenti I was the only one in the store except for the baristas. This was great, as I got to learn a lot about Cognoscenti, but it was eerie, too. Eventually other customers were coming in at what seemed like more of a 'normal' pace for a cafe on a busy LA street.
Cognoscenti baristas

Cognoscenti sign

Bar Nine is in a space that is a converted warehouse kind of look and feel. They have done a good job preserving the bare, roomy feel in the loft. The baristas were super friendly - both with ties to Michigan (again!)  My friends and I took our drinks to one of the many open bar areas, that were all light and airy, usually looking over a lake or mountains.
Bar Nine Outside

Bar Nine Inside

Airport... long waits, crowds, Starbucks on the plane.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Day 2 - Coffee Crawl - WITHOUT Caffeine

Bodhi Leaf Retail, in Orange, CA
Oct. 19, 2016
On day 2 of my "LA coffee tour" I headed south to Orange and the new cafe and warehouse of Bodhi Leaf Coffee Trading. I know owner Steve Sims from my first Q Grader cupping class. It was great fun to see him again, full red beard and as much devotion to things Buddhist as ever. He gave me the first class tour, starting at the espresso bar in the front, walking back past the impeccable cupping lab to the warehouse. A thing to behold! Coffee stacked floor to ceiling in the high-bay, but well-lit and cheerful, unlike some warehouses I've been to. Steve explained this is his second (or third?) location. He started in a small warehouse space 7 - 8 years ago. He has had to diversify much more than he imagined, as small batch importing alone doesn't make much, but when its your passion, you also can't let it go.

Bodhi Leaf - I had a simple decaf double shot (decaf Colombia) and later a decaf cappucino. Both delicious!

The next stop was down in Costa Mesa, Portola Coffee Lab. I had the pleasure of meeting Adam Rizzo, the roaster who works hard, constantly moving, while customers sit at the horse-shoe bar surrounding him, sipping amazing coffee and tapping on laptops. Adam is from Michigan! (Yea for the mitten!)  Later, Jeff Duggan, the owner came out. It was a pleasure to meet him and learn how his passion for chemistry has led him to not only be a master-roaster, but he also brews beer and makes wine at home! Portola is also opening their 6th cafe in the coming weeks and will be renovating the space in Costa Mesa.

Portola - enjoyed a cup of regular Burundi Gahoro. (Sorry decaf fans, I couldn't resist!)

Last stop of the day was Rose Park Roasters in Long Beach. Quaint on the outside with vintage-style windows and doors, and a classy bike rack. When you walk in, the massive sign on the wall "WELCOME TO THE PROCESS" is just the start of the very cool, modern vibe you get. I ask barista Ronny what it means as he pours a decaf iced latter for me. "A great cup o fcoffee is a miracle. So many things can go wrong, " is the quote Ronny tells me he learned from his boss, Andrew Phillips. So meticulously following a process is the only way to try to get close to that perfect cup. I love it because this is heart of "lean thinking" at the far end of the value chain from where I teach lean!

Rose Park Roasters - decaf iced latte. Colombian. Delicious. (Unfortunately, did not take good flavor notes on exactly what I was drinking. I just enjoyed!)

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

LA Cafe Crawl - Day 1 - Swiss Water Pop-up

Oct. 18, 2017
Today was "day 1" of a three-day exploration of specialty coffee culture of greater metro-Los Angeles.  I'm looking forward to this opportunity to taste and see if they still are the "hottest coffee city" on the Left Coast.

I spent most of the day on Abbot Kinney road in Venice, drawn there by the pop-up by Swiss Water that is there for this week! The storefront is nestled between the street's top restaurants (Gjelina), Intelligentsia and across the street is a Warby Parker store and a boutique sock shop, (boutique socks?!)  As I walked up a friendly barista was serving up cold-brew Colombian (without caffeine) with creamy nitro foam from a pull handle that looks like a beer tap. OK - I've lived in Rwanda the last year so I'm not embarrassed to admit this was my first "cold brew on tap." Delicious! I definitely see how this type of drink will take-off in places where non-alcoholic beverages are preferred, but the cool factor must not be lost. A hot coffee would simply not be the right vibe in social, evening settings, but this would!

Enjoying LA: Mike Strumpf (R), buyer for Swiss Water and Brian Speckman from InterAmerican.

SO EXCITED to have a double shot decaf KENYAN! My favorite...
Next, I was delighted to order a KENYAN Mubuni Estate (near Ryiru) doulbe shot espresso. Then on to the Chemex version of the same coffee. There was also an excellent traceable Colombian on offer. All FREE. All expertly prepared and there were free roasted whole bean samples to take home.

There was a good buzz throughout the morning and late afternoon when I was there. I even conducted a consumer intercept survey with one customer. He's a 'born in the 60s' LA resident who has a routine of coming down Abbot Kinney with his wife to get a gourmet take-away snack and then a coffee at Intelligentsia. He's "self-employed" in the health care field and regularly drinks decaffeinated coffee, typically as a pour-over. He never brews his coffee at home, which isn't surprising since he falls on the 'low consumption' side, drinking an average of 1 cup a day. He doesn't look for certifications or any special roast degree, nor any particular story about origin. He just likes a great cup of coffee, and he pays $4-5 per cup.

Read more on the Oct. 19 Daily Coffee News blog - click here.

See the next 2 posts on this blog for more adventures in "the hottest coffee city"...

More photos of the pop-up:

David Kastle chats with "Tiny Glacier" founder

Friday, September 30, 2016

Trials of Transit -- Data on temperature and humidity during shipping from origin

Sep. 30, 2016
Great article [see link below] from our friends at Royal Coffee on their project to better understand the "trials" that coffee goes through during shipping. They put one data logger inside the grainpro liner and one data logger outside the grainpro but inside the jute bag.

Be sure to scroll down to the part where they show the graph of humidity -- there you will see what a difference grain-pro makes. Artisan Coffee uses grain-pro liners on almost all shipments!

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

The beauty of having a decaf plant "next door" at origin

Aug. 30, 2016
I'm back in the US after living in Rwanda for a year. Rwanda has some great coffee. So does Burundi. Artisan Coffee Imports will be trying to get some of it decaffeinated for our customers who long for those rare, high-quality decaf East Africans.

Meanwhile, this recent post from our friend Andy Newborn at IP Coffees shares important insights (well-known and understood here at Artisan) about why high-quality decaf East Africans are difficult to find. It is much more efficient to have the coffee located near the decaf plant. Thanks Andy for helping the world who appreciates good decaf! I would like to know, though, how well these low elevation, Mexican (variety?) beans stack up against Rwandan Bourbon varieties grown at 1400 - 1600 meters on the shores of Lake Kivu.  Maybe we can arrange a face-off at a cupping some day!

Learn more about the "real" world of decaf. Take the SCAA's course RP104. The next session is next week - Sep. 6, with "yours truly" instructing!

[Author: Ruth Ann Church]

Friday, April 22, 2016

Musical March to Remove Mucilage!

April 22, 2016
I had the pleasure of being shown three Dorman's washing stations in the Nyamasheke district (Western province) today. Each one taught me new things and overall re-enforced the dedication to excellence that Dormans has for coffee processing. I am so glad that they have brought their decades of coffee processing and marketing skills from elsewhere in East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania) to Rwanda! Artisan Coffee Imports looks forward to working them as a partner at origin to source great-tasting decaffeinated green coffee.

I've thought of three strikingly beautiful things I recognized or learned on this trip.
1. The first and most beautiful was the "musical march to remove mucilage" at Birembo washing station. Play the video below to see & hear!

 2. One of the Dorman's staff  pointed out to me at COPROCA how the workers were highly attuned and trained to the weather and everyone knew exactly what to do about 15 minutes before the rain started. The women who were sorting parchment under the shaded roofs all left to go to the tables to help the other workers covering the parchment on tables with vinyl (nylex) tarps. See video below. Notice the yellow-ish parchment is covered first with the black netting that lines the tables (i.e. is under the parchment when it's drying), and then rolls of black, waterproof plastic are unfolded on top.

These two images, the march-to-remove-mucilage and the rush-to-cover-parchment before an approaching downpour, illustrate examples of teamwork at the washing station.

3. Longin, Dorman's Operations and Logistic Manager, helped me notice a lovely phenomena that happened around 3pm when were were at Birembo. When you look closely at the hills surrounding the washing station, you can see at least a dozen people coming towards the coffee station carrying the white bags of cherry on their heads. It's a little like ants carrying a crumb of food to the mouth of an anthill, only somehow more beautiful. You catch glimpses through the greenery of  spots of white slowly descending on paths towards the station.

4. A forth item I recognized this day doesn't quality for the "beautiful" list, like the vignettes above. It's just another simple realization for a foreigner like me of what real life is like for a coffee farmer. While we were watching farmers getting their bags of cherry weighed, Harry Bindloss Gibb, the Dorman's intern who helped Longin with the tour, estimated the weight of one of the big bags of cherry a woman had brought in at 40kg (88 lbs). That would mean she got 6,000 Frw (40kg x 150 Frw/kg) which equals US$7.82, for her day of picking and carrying cherry. A pretty small wage for a day of labor on steep slopes with heavy bags.

Smiles as she shows her payment record card (called a "fiche").

Heavy loads coming in at Birembo.

An average day's wage in rural areas of Rwanda, however, is 1,000 Frw ($1.30). So as a Westerner, I am and should be humbled by how little farmers are paid for their work. But it is also true that relative to their neighbors who do not have coffee trees, coffee farmers are often better off than their non-coffee-farming neighbors.
Ruth Ann (L) - happy and thankful for the guidance of Harry (center) and Longin (R).

Coffee farmers we talked to on our way to COPROCA washing station. COPROCA gives training to farmers to help them earn as much as possible from their coffee.

Luis NIGABONZIZA (in the orange shirt), manager at Birembo, with farmers who seem to appreciate him.

Monday, April 18, 2016

Decaf Option in Vietnam

April 18, 2016
The May issue of Coffee & Cocoa International came out today with our column on the decaf option in Vietnam. (Page 44 - 45.)
Pg. 44 - 45 in the May 2016 issue of Coffee & Coca International
My original text (CC&I's editors improved it).

Decaffeination Option in Vietnam
By Ruth Ann Church, Artisan Coffee Imports
Through a chance meeting with Will Frith ( at Roasters Guild retreat in August 2015, I learned about a new option in Asia for decaffeination. Thanks to Will’s travels and explorations in coffee in Vietnam, he was able to easily introduce me to a relatively new player in the decaffeination world: Hiang Kie Industries Limited (HKI). HKI began operations in 2007 and was the first decaffeination plant set up in the Long Thanh Industrial Zone in Dong Nai Province, Vietnam, (about an hour drive from Ho Chi Minh City). They process using methylene chloride (MC) for a solvent.
The company runs two decaffeination plants, one can handle smaller batches than the other. They process beans from all coffee regions: South America, Africa and Asia. The minimum batch size is 2.5 MT, or about 5,500 lbs., which is about 42x 60kg bags. What intrigued me about their service is their transparency. With relatively little effort, their sales representative answered my questions about process details and costs. It is a “direct” MC process, meaning the beans soak in the solvent, and then the solvent, with the caffeine, is removed. Of the different MC processes, this one has always been my favorite. It seems the simplest and “cleaner” than the indirect process. It seems to offer the best chance that original coffee bean is left intact as much as possible.
Hiang Kie offers two types of dryers. A drum dryer takes about eight hours to dry the coffee and a vacuum dryer takes about three hours. Total processing time about is about 14 to 16 hours depending on the type of beans.
I was eager, so Dinesh Bhojwani, Hiang Kie’ sales representative, arranged to send me three samples: a Colombian, a Brazilian and a Vietnamese Arabica. All were decaffeinated at Hiang Kie and they all cupped quite well. I admit I was surprised, having lived my entire “coffee life” believing Vietnam can only produce low-quality robustas. The Colombia was my favorite. It retained a lot of its acidity and fruity notes. The Brazil had typical earthiness and body of a Brazil natural. The Vietnamese Arabica had brilliant aroma with sweet cherry and dark chocolate. Admittedly, much of this amazing aroma was tempered in the brewed cup. But this decaf Vietnam still had smooth body and minimal bitterness in the aftertaste. So if you’ve been wondering whether to try decaffeination in Asia, HKI would certainly be worth considering.

Ruth Ann Church is President of Artisan Coffee Imports (, an importer and trader of specialty green decaffeinated coffee. She can be reached at Artisan is now offering consulting at origin for work related to sustainability and impact assessment. Ruth Ann has advanced IDP training and is Q Grader (in the process of re-calibration). She is currently studying for a second master’s degree focused on the coffee value chain and sustainability at Michigan State University.

Monday, March 7, 2016

Transparently Traded Coffee Website

Mar. 7, 2016
You know the feeling... it's a version of deja vu.  You see something, and you say,  "hey, I had that idea!" And now someone else has gone and implemented it! It's not regret. At least for me, it was joy that I did have a good idea and it was relief that someone else had implemented it and I didn't have to do all the work!  Today that "great job guys" pat-on-the-back goes to Transparent Trade Coffee,  They are providing third-party transparency on pricing in the coffee value chain. You can go to their database of self-registered roasters who are boasting about two numbers in particular: the per pound price paid for green coffee and a somewhat blackbox percentage called the "Effective Grower Share." This is a really laudable effort and I salute the folks at Goizetta/Emory University for pulling this off as well as they have.

TRANSPARENCY is one of the big issues that got me into the coffee business, and many others, obviously. Fair Trade is nice, but it requires putting a lot of faith in one single organization's ability to solve a lot of very big problems. The principal of transparency seems more elegant. The thought behind it simply, can we make it easier to find out how much the farmer made on this coffee? And if the farmers get more of the value through this improved market knowledge of everyone in the supply chain, then certainly the farmers will be able to work more effectively than any one organization on solving their own problems.

Thank you Transparent Trade Coffee for bringing us a step closer to this elegant way of conducting trade!